The dating of chinese bronze mirrors

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Throughout history, has been made more colourful by the application of enamels.Similarly, arms and armour, horse trappings, and even domestic items, such as mirrors and hanging bowls, were embellished with enamel decoration.Throughout the Middle Ages, both secular and ecclesiastical objects, such as chalices, cups, reliquaries, caskets, crosiers (a staff carried by bishops and abbots as a symbol of office), and spoons, were elaborately enamelled.With the advent of painted enamels in the Renaissance, tableware was completely covered with enamel, and painted-enamel panels were used to decorate the ceilings and walls of rooms in the châteaus of France.Associated closely with China’s Five Element Theory.At the heart of Chinese mythology are four spiritual creatures (Sì Shòu 四獸) -- four celestial emblems -- each guarding a direction on the compass.

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Although it is unclear as to the way Fu Hao rose through the ranks, the Shang dynasty oracle bones provide us with some information as to her contributions to the Shang dynasty.

Lady Fu Hao is a highly extraordinary character from Chinese history, who lived over three millennia ago.

In a society that was heavily dominated by male figures, Fu Hao took on roles that other women of her time would never even dream of taking.

Further, each corresponds to a quadrant in the sky, with each quadrant containing seven seishuku, or star constellations (also called the 28 lunar mansions or lodges; for charts, see this outside site).

Each of the four groups of seven is associated with one of the four celestial creatures.

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